Recommended References

Steliarova-Foucher E, O’Callaghan M, Ferlay J, Masuyer E, Rosso S, Forman D, Bray F, Comber H. The European Cancer Observatory: A new data resource. Eur J Cancer, in press

Steliarova-Foucher E, O’Callaghan M, Ferlay J, Masuyer E, Forman D, Comber H, Bray F: European Cancer Observatory: Cancer Incidence, Mortality, Prevalence and Survival in Europe. Version 1.0 (September 2012) European Network of Cancer Registries, International Agency for Research on Cancer. Available from, accessed on day/month/year.


This website was technically developed and implemented by Mark O'Callaghan (National Cancer Registry Ireland, Cork, Ireland) in the framework of the EUROCOURSE project (work package 4 "The development, harmonisation, analysis and exchange of European cancer registry data").

The ECO website is hosted by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

Gratefully acknowledged contributions to the website design were received from: Max Parkin, Ariana Znaor, Paul Walsh, Stefano Rosso, Sabine Siesling, Risto Sankila, Joannie Tieulent, Murielle Colombet and Morten Ervik.

This product is under continual development to match the needs of the users. Reporting of any error, inconsistency or mistake would be appreciated.

Data sources

  • WHO. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (10th revision). Geneva: World Health Organisation, 1992.
  • Berrino F, Sant M, Verdecchia V, Capocaccia R, Hakulinen T, Estéve J (Eds) Survival of cancer patients in Europe: the EUROCARE Study. IARC Scientific Publication 132, Lyon 1995.
  • Berrino F, Capocaccia R, Estève J, Gatta G, Hakulinen T, Micheli A, Sant M, Verdecchia A (Eds) Survival of cancer patients in Europe: the EUROCARE-2 Study. IARC Scientific Publication 151, Lyon 1999.
  • Sant M, Aareleid T, Berrino F, Lasota M.B, Carli P.M, Faivre J, Grosclaude P, Hédelin G, Matsuda T, Møller H, Möller T, Verdecchia A, Capocaccia R et al. EUROCARE-3: survival of cancer patients diagnosed 1990–94—results and commentary. Annals of Oncology 2003,14:v61-v118. (
  • Sant M, Allemani C, Santaquilani M, Knijn A, Marchesi F, Capocaccia R, the EUROCARE Working Group. EUROCARE-4. Survival of cancer patients diagnosed in 1995-1999. Results and commentary. European Journal of Cancer 2009, 45:931-991. (
  • Engholm G, Ferlay J, Christensen N, Bray F, Gjerstorff ML, Klint Å, Køtlum JE, Ólafsdóttir E, Pukkala E, Storm HH. (2009) NORDCAN: Cancer Incidence, Mortality and Prevalence in the Nordic Countries, Version 3.4. Association of Nordic Cancer Registries. Danish Cancer Society. (

Image credits

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